How Much Are Investment Annual Fees Really Costing You?

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fees

Fund, brokerage / platform and financial adviser management fees are return killers. Do you know how much these rather insignificant looking fees are really costing you? Read on to be shocked.

Let me ask you a question. Does a 1% annual fund annual management charge or a 0.5% financial adviser annual fee seem insignificant to you? These small innocent fees can be extremely costly over a long period of time. If you haven’t been paying attention to these fees, I’m going to present you with some startling numbers that will show just how much these fees will cost you over a long period of time.

Most uninformed investors fail to look at how fees reduce their overall compounded returns. Because of this miscalculation, fund annual fees can seem somewhat insignificant when in fact, they are extremely important.

Many managed unit trusts and mutual funds have higher expenses than they clearly advertise in their prospectus. Here’s an example of some fees that are usually not apparent using Neil Woodford’s very fee transparent Equity Income Fund:

Woodford Equity Income Fund Fees

Do you see the fees for execution, transaction taxes and spread? Many funds don’t clearly explain these fees and they can change frequently. Some funds have turnover amounts up to 100% per year (trading in and out of stocks), which increases capital gains taxes, incurs trading fees and reduces overall fund returns. Fund investors pay for all these fees. By the way, the fees for the Woodford Equity Fund increased from 0.84% in 2015 to 0.96% in 2016.

This is why it’s essential you pay attention to how much fees your funds are charging and why I always recommend buying low fee index trackers that have low turnover, low taxes, require no research and very little management.

In order for you to really see how damaging fund and management fees can be to your overall nest-egg, see the table below.

Table Explanation

The following tables are designed to show you the difference in end totals from 6% to 7% and 8% to 9%. This 1% loss is a result of fees.

Total investment amounts are shown in the first vertical columns and annual return rates are shown across the top horizontal rows. The interior numbers show the total expected sum accumulated when the lump sum investment is left untouched for a period of 30 years. Interest returns are calculated using monthly compounded interest.

6-7% Annual Return:
Investment6% Return7% Return1% Fee Cost
£ 10,000 £ 60,226£ 81,165£ 20,939
£ 25,000 £ 150,564£ 202,912£ 52,348
£ 50,000£ 301,128£ 405,825£ 104,697
£ 100,000£ 602,258£ 811,650£ 209,392
£ 200,000 £ 1,204,515£ 1,623,300£ 418,784
£ 500,000 £ 3,011,288£ 4,058,249£ 1,046,961
£ 1,000,000£ 6,022,575£ 8,116,497£ 2,093,922

You can see how damaging a loss of 1% in returns can cause to your overall returns over a long period time. A 1% fee loss is standard for most managed unit trusts such as the above CF Woodford Equity Fund.

For example, on a £100,000 investment, a 1% annual fee on a 7% return reduces your annual returns to 6% and will cost you a staggering £209,392 over 30 years!

8-9% Annual Return:

The losses on higher investment amounts at a 1% return increase are even more drastic:

Investment8% Annual Return9% Annual Return1% Annual Fee Cost
£ 10,000 £ 109,357£ 147,306£ 37,948
£ 25,000 £ 273,393£ 368,264£ 94,871
£ 50,000£ 546,786£ 736,529£ 189,742
£ 100,000£ 1,093,573£ 1,473,058£ 379,485
£ 200,000 £ 2,187,146£ 2,946,115£ 758,969
£ 500,000 £ 5,467,865£ 7,365,288£ 1,897,423
£ 1,000,000£ 10,935,730£ 14,730,576£ 3,794,846

On a £500,000 investment averaging 9% annual returns over 30 years, a 1% annual fee reducing your returns to 8% costs you a jaw dropping £1,897,423 in compound interest losses! At first, I thought this number had to be a mistake; surely a 1% management fee couldn’t be that costly? But sure enough, the numbers don’t lie. Feel free to do your own calculations using this handy online compound interest calculator.

How To Cut The Fees And Save A Fortune

Since even a 0.25% fee cost savings can amount to a small fortune over a long period of time, picking low-fee funds and trading brokerages is essential. There are three fees that you can either cut down or eliminate.

Fund Fees: With over 20,000 UK unit trusts and 9,000 U.S. mutual funds to choose from, investors are often overwhelmed by the fund choices and the variances in fees. To bypass this confusion, I love (did I mention love?) the low-cost Vanguard index trackers. The trackers have annual fees ranging from 0.10% to 0.25%. Read this article on which trackers I love and why.

Financial Adviser Management Fees: These fees average 1% annually, but I’ve seen them as high as 2%. If your adviser is consistently bringing you 12% net returns, you probably won’t mind their fees but most advisers average 5-6% net returns so the annual fees can be a real drag. Advisers tend to spread clients money over lots of managed funds or worse, across single stocks. This diversification method racks up fees and drags down returns. The problem is picking funds that consistently outperform the indexes is extremely difficult. In most cases when you invest through a financial adviser, your portfolio looks something like the one my friend recently showed me:

My friend’s financial adviser invested his money into a variety of funds, some of which have performed well, others not so much. This portfolio returned my friend 2% over the last six months.

Some advisers also invest their clients into funds that have a front-end load charge. In other words, the fund appreciates your investment so much they charge you a 5% fee for the privilege of doing business with them and therefore, your investment starts at negative 5%. This archaic investment strategy is still prevalent within the financial industry however, investors who know better are refusing to invest in loaded funds.

Did you also know some funds even pay advisers a continued annual fee of 0.5% of their clients’ investment balance? I think this is a terrible practice since this 0.5% added fee comes out of the funds’ costs which are detrimental to investors overall returns.

Platform / Brokerage Fees: These fees are different on each platform and the best rule to go by is, the lower the fees the better. Some platforms advertise such things as research tools but research is freely available all over the internet. In most cases, avoiding the dreaded annual platform fee is the best path unless you make lots of purchases. I tend to make about 6-12 purchases annually and have found Halifax’s / iWeb platform to be the most cost-effective solution if your portfolio is less than £80,000 as they only charge £5 per trade. You can also buy funds directly from Vanguard now and the fees are rock bottom. Read my latest article on why you want to consider buying directly from Vanguard and what the fees cost.

This handy Compare Fund Platform Fees tool will give a snapshot of how much in fees you will expect to pay depending on your investment and purchase amounts. This is what the tool shows (£50,000 investment over 30 years returning 7% average per year and making 12 trades annually):

You can see the cost difference between Interactive Investors and Charles Stanley is over £21,000 over 30 years! Maybe I care too much about fee savings but £21,000 is a lot of money.

How To Fire Your Financial Adviser

One of my readers recently sent me an email:

Breaking loyalty with a financial adviser is something many people struggle with. The best antidote for overcoming fear in this situation is to look at the above tables to see how much your adviser is going to cost you over the long run. The reality of losing a few hundred grand to fees and lost compounding interest was enough to silence my fears when I gave my adviser the boot.

Conclusion

Learning how to ditch your financial adviser, DIY invest, pick the lowest fund fees / brokerage fees will save you unimaginable amounts of money over your investing lifetime. If you are a high net worth investor it could save you millions.


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Disclaimer: This article is for information purposes only and should not be regarded as investment advice. Opinions expressed are my opinions based on my own personal experiences, investing my own money.